Positive Effects of Extra Curricular Activities on Students
Extracurricular activities are activities that students participate in that do not fall in the jurisdiction of normal curriculum of schools. These activities may include sports, clubs, student newspaper, music, art and drama. Extracurricular activities provide experiences that are not included in the formal courses of studies. Extracurricular activities have proved to have many positive effects on students. The positive effects that extracurricular activities have on students are behavior, better grades, school completion and positive aspects to become successful adults.
The first effect that extracurricular activities have on education is behavior. Students that participate in extracurricular activities have reduced behavior problem. In sports, they show discipline in drills, practices and routines. They have a responsibility to perform those tasks correctly, whether it is set pieces in rugby or dance routines. When students perform these tasks correctly, they are rewarded for their good behavior and they take pride in their accomplishments. Because of the pride they achieve, they gain better self-respect, self-esteem and self-confidence. This also leads to enhanced status among peers. Surveys have shown that the most dangerous time for unprincipled behavior is the time after school and before parents get home, which is usually the time between three o’clock and six o’clock. The ages that usually get involved in deviant behavior are between twelve and eighteen years old. Most children learn to make decisions and control their behavior between the ages of nine and eighteen. This is a crucial time for students to be engaged in extracurricular activities because they are under supervision and engaged in enriched learning experiences. They are then better able to resist unsafe behaviors such as drug and alcohol use and criminal activities.
Higher grades and positive attitudes towards school is the second effect that extracurricular activities have on students. Participation in extracurricular activities provides students an opportunity to create a positive and voluntary connection to their school which planned remedial and after school academic programmes sometimes fail to create. Students participating in extracurricular activities also possess greater self-confidence, teacher perception and positive attitude towards school.
The third effect that extracurricular activities have on students is school completion. Students who participate in extracurricular activities are less likely to drop out and more likely to have a higher academic achievement. Engagement in extracurricular activities also reduces student absenteeism and late arrival. Policies such as ‘No Pass No Play’ developed by schools encourage students to maintain their grades. This prevents them from failing or dropping out. Other obligations to maintain school rules ensures that participants keep away from drugs and tobacco use, hence, enabling them to be disciplined and focused.
Extracurricular activities also enables students to become productive students and adults. By participating in extracurricular activities students learn lessons in leadership, teamwork, organization, analytical thinking, problem solving, time management, learning to juggle many tasks at once and it allows them to discover their talents. This participation can also assist them to get an interest based job or relate experiences to real life upon entering the job markets.
In addition, extra-curricular activities enhances social skills of students. Students are able to meet with new people and work together with people of other backgrounds who have common skills and interests.
Finally, extracurricular activities such as dances and songs help preserve the culture and traditions of societies. It provides opportunities for groups to revive their customs and skills of singing, dancing, music, preparation of dresses and ornaments. Students are provided opportunities to know their backgrounds, history and culture.
Extracurricular activities are part of student’ everyday life. They have positive effects on student’s lives by improving behavior, school performance, positive aspects to make successful adults and preserves customs and skills. As teachers, we need to be aware of the effects that extracurricular activities have on education.